“…He saw Katrusia lying beside him. There was no trace of yesterday’s insanity on her face, nor the frantic savagery, with which she had chanted incantations, in her eyes.”Orest Somov, The Witches of Kyiv
Presently, most of our fiction books present beautiful examples of the Gothic genre in Ukrainian literature. Our other Gothic novels include Polishchuk’s Treasure of the Ages (preview) and Starytska-Cherniakhivska’s The Living Grave (preview). In 2016, we published a compilation of Orest Somov’s short stories entitled The Witches of Kyiv. (Somov, O 2016, The Witches of Kyiv and Other Gothic Tales, Sydney, Sova Books).
Now, when we are about to publish a non-fiction book on Ukrainian demonology, Somov’s stories come to mind. In particular, what is astonishing is the depth of the novelist’s knowledge of Ukrainian folklore. His description of the behaviour of rusalky, the harm caused by the evil eye, or Ivan Kupalo’s celebration is remarkable.
A valuable addition to our Gothic collection
The Witches of Kyiv and Other Gothic Tales differs from its Gothic counterparts in several ways. First, it contains an insightful foreword by an expert in the genres of Gothic and Romantic literature, Svitlana Krys. The foreword makes a perfect starting point for learning about and understanding the author. It also offers a concise overview of his selected works and their place in Ukrainian and world literature.
Orest Somov (1793–1833), a Ukrainian Romantic author […] wrote in Russian, the lingua franca of the Russian Empire […]. His Ukrainian tales made a big impact on the literary canon of the 1820s and became the subject of a literary dialogue. To give just one example, Aleksandr Pushkin, the preeminent Russian Romantic and founder of modern Russian literature, revisited Somov’s The Witches of Kyiv, the inaugural tale in this collection and one of his most famous works, in his own writing. It is thanks to Somov’s efforts that, a few years later, young Gogol asked his mother in his letter home, dated 30 April 1829, to send him as much ethnographical material as possible, seeing that everyone in the imperial capital was captivated by all things Ukrainian. Gogol himself used Somov’s writing as inspiration.
Further, Svitlana Krys describes Somov as, “an initiator of an indigenous literary tradition of the Gothic in the Ukrainian literary canon”. In particular, in his imaginative tales, Somov entwines native folk traditions, ghost stories and European Romanticism. Most of these tales which we have included in the current publication, appear in English for the first time.
The second difference concerns the book cover. Previously, Yanitsa Slavcheva and Nikola Nevenov, talented Bulgarian artists, created our Gothic book covers. This time it was the equally talented Australian artist Colin Thompson, who designed the book cover.
Short stories in ‘The Witches of Kyiv’
Somov’s The Witches of Kyiv and Other Gothic Tales introduces many intriguing Ukrainian Gothic characters. In the book the supernatural is present throughout Ukraine, from a cemetery in Kyivan Rus to an isolated forest cottage in the 17th century Kozak era, to the society ballrooms of Somov’s own world – the early 19th century. Furthermore, Gothic horror appears in many guises including witches, warlocks, demons and vengeful ‘rusalky’. Strange soothsayers and malevolent visitors represent the forces of good and evil.
• ‘The Witches of Kyiv’ – A besotted newlywed husband discovers a wild occult world of incantations, apparitions and a savage Witch’s Sabbath on the outskirts of old Kyiv.
• ‘Rusalka’ – A lovelorn young girl joins supernatural spirits inhabiting the waterways of Ukraine. Indeed it tests her mother’s devotion sorely.
• ‘The Evil Eye’ – A prosperous landowner, Kozak Mykyta, looks into the eyes of true evil when a hellish guest covets his three beautiful, virtuous daughters.
• ‘Wandering Light’ – Triumphant after a deadly battle, a warrior named Velesyl returns for his bride but instead encounters an eerie, glowing spirit.
• ‘God’s Fool’ – Fun-loving officer Melskyi normally frequents gaming tables and summer balls. He is confounded by the eccentric drifter Vasyl. Dubbed ‘God’s Fool’, Vasyl is yet able to read minds and divine fates. Vasyl guides Melskyi through his flippant flirtations, bizarre dreams, and a deadly serious duel to meet his destiny.
As for the illustrations in the book – they are ireproductions of classic works by Ukrainian artists. The originals are exhibited or archived at the National Art Museum of Ukraine. Once again the Museum lent us a helping hand. Its curator and researcher Lesia Tolstova advised on and arranged for the use of the images. As examples, we include some of them here.